The Wonderful Lady of Cana

Here at Notre Dame Priory we celebrated yesterday our first patronal feast as a community. As you may know, there is no existing feast of Our Lady of Cana in the Roman Liturgy, even though the mystery is commemorated today, the Second Sunday after Epiphany. We have, with provisional permission from the  Archbishop of Hobart, put together, thanks to the copious writings of the saints on this mystery, a proper office for the feast which we celebrate on the Saturday after the Epiphany — which this year, was yesterday — and for which we hope to get approval from the Holy See.

Why is the mystery so important? And why was it chosen as the guiding star for our community? Our Lady's humble but clear petition to Her Son has always been an inspiration for authentic prayer: one makes known in all simplicity one's needs to the Lord, without going into all the details, for He knows them and He loves us. One presents one's need, in utter confidence that, since He loves us, He will answer our prayer in the best way possible. The need at hand in Cana was wine. On a purely literal reading, it would appear that Our Lord stoops down to give something that seems quite worldly and not essential. In this sense, His great love and compassion are made manifest.

But there is much more. The water symbolises us, our frail efforts at doing good to please God and save our soul. But whatever effort we put into it, it remains insipid, there is no energy, no sweetness. The wine symbolises the sweetness and warmth of the divine love that truly gives life, eternal life to our actions performed in time.

So if we feel that we are running out of wine, or if we have long been without it; if we can sense that our spiritual life is not getting anywhere, then let's go to the Lady of Cana, and ask Her to go to Jesus for us, and asks Him to transform our weak efforts into something sweet, something warm and lasting, that we may relish the sweetness of God. 

There is also the entire mystic of the nuptials. Salvation history begins with a wedding, that of Adam and Eve; and it concludes with the eternal marriage feast of the Lamb, God who weds all the elect to Him in a spousal union. And in the middle of this history, Our Lord chooses to perform His first miracle at a wedding. For sure, Our Lord's presence there sanctified marriage and raised it to the level of a sacrament, but it also symbolised the spousal  nature of our very existence and our call to love and eternal fidelity to God. 

As monks, we vow our entire lives to God; we forego the joys of married and family life to taste, already in this life, the peace of a spousal union with God. But that does not make us oblivious of married couples and families, on the contrary; it gives us a great desire to help them live up to the marvellous plan God has in store for them. And this is all the more important in an age which seeks to destroy the family.

May Our Lady of Cana bless all married couples; may she open their hearts to welcome with generosity all the children God will give them without seeking to dictate their desires to God; may she heal the hearts of all those who have a distorted notion of the real meaning of married love and family; may she heal the broken families, and mend all wounds of the soul; and may she give to those who are consecrated to virginity or celibacy the grace to be faithful to so lofty a calling and to thus be a model of unconditional love and surrender to the Eternal Bridegroom.

Monks and Families

Today, the traditional Roman calendar celebrates the feast of the Holy Family. This devotion to Jesus, Mary and Joseph as a family is rather modern in its expression. It is undoubtedly one of the providential ways in which God sends us in every age the devotions that we need most. Today, the family is endangered in its very existence. Forces hostile to the name of Christ, nay, hostile to man himself, seek to dismantle the family, considering it as a social construct inherited from what is derisively referred to as a patriarchal society. The destruction began with divorce, gained momentum with contraception, had victory in sight when it succeeded in making abortion legal and then a “right”, and won the day when it was totally severed from the very concept of what it is by same-sex “marriage”. The battle for the family has been lost. Lost, that is, in our western apostate societies which have bent the knee to the idols of the day. That battle however is only a battle in a war, one that we know leads to the ultimate victory of Christ the King and those who seek to follow Him. 

The question might be asked: what role do monks play in that war? What do they do for the family? How can they, by running off into solitude and fleeing the responsibilities of a family, help the family. 

The first thing to keep in mind is that monks also get married. A homily by St Augustine, which we will read next Sunday, makes it clear that those who have left the world to consecrate their chastity to Christ are “not without nuptials”. Their consecration to God is essentially a marriage with God; it is the realisation in time of the eternal nuptials that God will establish with all the elect in His Kingdom. It is this very reality which gives the monk so much love and esteem for the human family which mirrors on earth the fidelity and fecundity of the Most Holy Trinity. “Whoever denigrates marriage”, writes St. John Chrysostom, also diminishes the glory of virginity. Whoever praises it makes virginity more admirable and resplendent. What appears good only in comparison with evil would not be particularly good. It is something better than what is admitted to be good that is the most excellent good.” 

As monks dedicated to Our Lady of Cana, we are particularly interested in the future of the family. The presence of Our Lord and Our Lady with the first apostles at that wedding inspires us with great veneration for the state of matrimony which Christ sanctified on that occasion. The example of faithful and generous married couples inspires us to be faithful to our own marriage with the Lord, and we hope, by our fidelity to be an inspiration to them to persevere when they meet with difficulties, tensions, sickness, death. Our retreats seek to be the privileged space where we seek to be a consolation and a bulwark to families. To fathers and mothers, spouses who long to conceive but who are frustrated in their desire, young men and women seeking a good spouse, we hope to provide the spiritual sustenance they need to move forward in their pursuit of God’s will in their lives.

May the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph, protect and bless all our families and all our communities, and lead us all together to the eternal fatherland where we will be in very truth the Family of God.

The wise and the brave

Wise men, Magi as they are called, come from the East in search of the great King, the one who had been announced as the Saviour, the very one who, from the beginning was promised as the woman’s seed and who would crush the head of the serpent. The Wise Men come from a pagan country to the capital of the revealed religion, and what do they find: a fool reigning over the Jews, and Jewish priests and scribes all too ready to curry favour with him and serve his interests. Just how wicked and depraved this king was would sadly be made all too clear with the horrendous episode of the Innocents.  But no matter. He is king, and so we must remain in his favour. So thought the misguided Jews at the time. They thought they were wise, and they were fools. The long sought after King had come, He is at their door, and they do not take a single step to go and find Him! How often it is that the “wise” of this world are put to shame by the unexpected appearance of total strangers who are not supposed to be in the know, who are supposed to be pagans, but who in reality are truly searching for God.

It is striking that the Magi do not fear to go to the intruder Herod — who was not a Jew, and the Magi knew this — and speak to him of the “King of Jews.” What courage! What faith in the God who had guided them. Fearlessly they enter his palace and proclaim what they have seen and what they know: a brilliant star has guided them thus far, and they have come to adore the newborn King. It was risky for them, and the mysterious dream warning them to return another way only proves it.

Our world too has its powers that be, and that for the most part are bent on destroying the Christian order, or rather, what sparse elements of it that remain, and replacing them with a man-made paradise on earth, a new Tower of Babel that can only end in utter confusion. Our world also has its priests and scribes who should know the truth, but who, alas, are all too often bent on making sure they do not offend the powers that be, on maintaining their comfortable position without rocking the boat. But like the scribes of today’s Gospel, that attitude is one that risks turning them into accomplices of the most heinous crimes. No matter. God is good, everyone is saved, so they try to convince themselves, backed by scribes who, far from being real theologians, are in reality ideologists reading their own dreams into Sacred Writ, with one goal in mind: don’t rock the boat, maintain the comfort zone.

Assuredly, it is not easy to speak out against evil when evil is in power; it demands courage; it demands the virtue of fortitude, which is one of cardinal virtues. But it also demands the Gift of the Holy Spirit by the same name. And as St Thomas teaches, the Gifts are necessary for salvation, because there are situations in which only a mighty inspiration of the Holy Spirit can save us from mortal sin and keep us in the right path. Heroism is not always optional, it is sometimes of necessity, as in the case of the martyrs who were threatened with death should they refuse to adore false gods.

There is a popular, somewhat vulgar, expression that nevertheless means what it says and expresses it quite well: “When the going gets tough, the tough (meaning, the brave) get going”. Well, today the going is tough for the true faith and for true Christian morals; so either we get going and get tough in our profession of the true faith and of true authentic morality, or we will lose both: there can be no orthodoxy of faith without orthodoxy of practice and morals: the two stand or fall together. What is, is; what is not, is not. It’s that simple.

May the grace be given us, through the intercession of the Virgo Potens — the Virgin most powerful — to be among the truly Wise, those who do not fear what may befall them should they profess the truth publicly. May this new year bring with it an increase in fortitude. 

"Missus est", a day of Grace

Today, Ember Wednesday in Advent, the liturgy invites us to turn our gaze to the Immaculate Virgin receiving from the archangel Gabriel the announce of the Saviour, and asking her to consent to God's amazing plan in her life. The story we know, but each day we need to renew our faith in a God who steps into our lives in unexpected ways, inviting us to go beyond ourselves and to let Him achieve His saving plan in us. Traditionally, this is therefore a very important day of prayer and fasting in expectation of the coming of the Lord.

For us at Notre Dame Priory, this day will go down in history as its most important to date, for this morning, the Archbishop of Hobart, the Most Reverend Julian Porteous, signed the decree which gives us official existence in the Catholic Church, as a Public Association of Christ's faithful. This is a canonical step which is necessary before we can officially become an institute of monastic life. And so we give thanks to the Lord and to Our Lady of Cana for bringing us this far, and to Archbishop Porteous whose paternal solicitude for us has always been both warm and helpful. 

And so now, fortified by this grace, we wish to move forward in our fidelity and in a generous response to the Divine Will in our lives. Please pray that we will always remain faithful to the trust that is put in us.

The Archbishop signs the decree of erection.

The Archbishop signs the decree of erection.

The community with the Archbishop.

The community with the Archbishop.

I say it again: Rejoice!

Holy Mother Church reminds us today of those dear words of the Apostle St Paul: "Rejoice in the Lord always, again I say, Rejoice... For the Lord is near"...

Joy, real joy, is a rare commodity nowadays. It seems that there is a strict proportion between an increase in pleasures of the senses and the decrease in true joy. Look at the daily news, and you will find this corroborated by the facts: hedonism grows, suicide increases, sadness is on all the faces. What might be the underlying reason for this?

The most fundamental reason is this: Human beings were created by God to open themselves up to His infinite love, and to the eternal perspective of an unending life lived in intimate communion with Him. God is Spirit, and the grandeur of man is to aspire to be like unto God. The search for pleasures of the senses and material satisfaction lowers man to the level of the beast, it turns his eyes, his mind, his head downward towards himself, and inevitably that is a very dark descent which can only produce sadness and disgust with self.

As we approach Christmas, the world seeks to distract us with its pleasures, pulling us away from the spiritual fascination of the ineffable mystery of God becoming man to save us. The Church, on her side, encourages us to turn away from all worldliness, to offer sacrifice, to give alms, to fast. Give it a try, it works. If you are sad, if there is no joy, or not enough of it, in your life, turn your attention away from worldly things, turn it towards the needy, turn it to God in prayer, give up some things you like, and you will see that spiritual joy will return, it will increase, and your Christmas will be about what it really is about: Christ Mass, Christ come in the flesh and continuing His presence among us in the Holy Mass.

Again I say, Rejoice, the Lord is near!

What will He find?

Advent is upon us, and the liturgy of this Sunday invites to reflect carefully upon the end times, when Jesus Our Lord will return in glory to judge the living and the dead. What will He find when He returns? Will He find a people living in His love and awaiting joyfully his return? Or will He find a barren earth deprived of the fruits of sanctity, pledge of eternal life? The Lord seems to indicate the latter when He asks: "When the Son of Man returns, do you think He will find faith on earth"?

The Catechism of the Catholic has some startling words about the time that will precede the Second Coming. I think it appropriate to quote them here:

"Before Christ's second coming the Church must pass through a final trial that will shake the faith of many believers. The persecution that accompanies her pilgrimage on earth will unveil the 'mystery of iniquity' in the form of a religious deception offering men an apparent solution to their problems at the price of apostasy from the truth. The supreme religious deception is that of the Antichrist, a pseudo-messianism by which man glorifies himself in place of God and of his Messiah come in the flesh.

"The Antichrist's deception already begins to take shape in the world every time the claim is made to realise within history that messianic hope which can only be realised beyond history through the eschatological judgement. The Church has rejected even modified forms of this falsification of the kingdom to come under the name of millenarianism, especially the 'intrinsically perverse' political form of a secular messianism.

"The Church will enter the glory of the kingdom only through this final Passover, when she will follow her Lord in his death and Resurrection. The kingdom will be fulfilled, then, not by a historic triumph of the Church through a progressive ascendancy, but only by God's victory over the final unleashing of evil, which will cause his Bride to come down from heaven. God's triumph over the revolt of evil will take the form of the Last Judgement after the final cosmic upheaval of this passing world". (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 675-677)

This text would require a long commentary, but for the moment, let's just offer two considerations: the final persecution will take the form of a "religious deception offering men an apparent solution to their problems at the price of apostasy from the truth". The present day effort to redefine truth, to make it whatever we want it to be at any given period seems to fit in quite well with what the catechism here teaches. It is a matter of grave concern when politicians redefine the most fundamental aspects of who were are, but much more worrying when the redefinition of truth goes on among people of faith, or worse still, when men of faith seek to redefine it all the while affirming that they are changing nothing. That of course was the major tactic of the modernists: keep the traditional vocabulary, but empty it of its meaning. I personally find this to be fit in cannily with the text of the Catechism. A religious deception indeed, and we are right in the midst of it.

The other comment concerns the fact that the Church "will follow her Lord in his death and resurrection". To follow the Lord in death means, unless I am mistaken, to die as He died. To die means to disappear as such from the eyes of the world. What can this mean other than that the Church must die in the eyes of the world, while continuing to live in the eyes of God. Terrifying thought. And yet, blessed truth! If the Church follows the Lord in death, then it follows Him in Resurrection. The enemies of Christ rejoiced at His death, but that joy was short-lived, for He rose victorious after only three days. The enemies of the Church rejoice today to see her on the way to her death, but that joy will be short-lived. She will rise again, but only after blood has flown. "The blood of martyrs is the seed of Christians". So it was at the beginning, so it is now. May the Queen of Martyrs obtain for us the grace of bearing witness to the truth even at price of our life.

Exhortation at Clothing Ceremony

 

Beloved Sons, Tomas, Alec, David and Graham,

Today we honour the Presentation of the Immaculate Virgin Mary in the Temple of Jerusalem. On such an auspicious day, you come to present yourselves to serve in the house of the Lord which is a Benedictine Monastery. To such men as yourselves our holy Father St Benedict prescribes to teach the dura et aspera, the hard and rugged paths that lead to God. We may not hide from you the difficulty of the task one undertakes when one enters into the religious life. Over the past nine months you have already had the opportunity to verify the exactness of that reality: going to God entails giving up many things, leaving behind creatures in order to prefer the Creator. The coming year will be a time during which you will further test your vocation; you will be continually spurred on to turn your eyes to the example afforded us by Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself when He walked this earth and was the model of the perfect life. You will strive to know Him more intimately, to love Him more intensely and to follow Him more closely. From Bethlehem to Calvary, the entire life of Christ was a cross and a martyrdom, and the man who aspires to the perfection of religious virtue must constantly turn his gaze to the Crucified One in order to obtain the grace and the deeper love to overcome all obstacles which lie in the way of perfection. A crucified Lord shares His cross with those He loves. But at the same time, hand in hand with the cross come the interior consolations, the inexpressible joy of being loved and of loving in return. Expertus potest credere, says St Bernard of Clarivaux — only the one who has experiencd it can really understand: there is no joy on earth but in the cross of Jesus Christ.

Today’s ceremony presents us with a number of gestures upon which I would like to reflect with you.

The first one we all witnessed this evening was your prostration before the altar of God. It is a striking gesture even for those of us who have witnessed it before. Lying prostrate before God is an solemn act of adoration; it signifies the placing of oneself, of one’s entire being, of one’s whole life, into the all-loving hands of God. It is the acknowledgement of a reality, namely, that we depend entirely upon God for our very existence, and we find peace in that truth which grounds us upon the solidity of a life given over to God. But this prostration was also accomplished in the Church, before those who represent the Church, before our Archbishop whose presence, along with the great joy it affords us, gives us the assurance of being in continuity with the historical church of Jesus Christ founded on the successors of the apostles. The prostration was made before your Prior, the one whose task it will be to guide your steps in the monastic life and who is responsible for your progress. In that sense, it is a reminder that, in the Church one is never alone, for one always has the mediation of those men who come to us in the name of the Lord and through whom He makes His presence felt. It is a reminder that ever since God became man, His word and will reach us through men. Let that frame of mind remain always in you, and may you know how to prostrate yourself often before the grandeur of the Divine Plan which encompasses you and draws you on to its ineffable fulfillment. As St Gregory the Great writes concerning St Mary Magdalene’s persevering search for Christ: “For those who love, it is not enough to look once: the power of love increases the vehemence of the search. The first time that she sought Him she could in no wise find him: she persevered in seeking, and so it came about that she found Him. And this happened, because longing increases when unsatisfied, and thus increased, can retain what it finds”. 

The second part of this ceremony will be the mandatum, the washing of feet. We are familiar with this ritual in the context of Maundy Thursday, but most of us will probably be surprised to see it performed in the setting of a monastic clothing. What does it mean? The antiphons we will chant during the mandatum all refer to the Lord’s new commandment, that we love one another as He has loved us. If the father of the community washes the feet of his sons it is to imitate the Lord Jesus and show that the hierarchical nature of religious life, far from taking away from its familial character, reinforces it, for the shepherd is the one set apart to serve the others. By allowing your father to wash your feet, you learn that you in turn must wash the feet of your brethren, that in a monastic community, the one who is really great is the one who knows how to stoop down and serve the needs of others at his own cost. But this ceremony also has another meaning. In the Rule, St Benedict prescribes it as a form of hospitality shown to guests. By placing it here in the ritual of clothing, the tradition gives us to understand that the postulant who knocks at the monastery door has come from a long journey, he is tired, his feet are dirty, he is looking for a home, and he finds solace in seeing the door open to him. You have each travelled a long way; you have considered other options in life, and for the moment at least — even though you are free to pursue another course in life should you decide to leave —, you are asking to be welcomed here in order to try your vocation as a Benedictine Monk. If you persevere, you will later learn to practice that same love and warm welcome for all those who knock at the monastery door, be it to become a monk, or simply to find some peace in the midst of a confused world.

We come then to the heart of this evening’s ceremony: the clothing. Having laid aside your secular garb, the symbols of your attachment to the world, you will don the habit of the order of St Benedict, the same habit which has been worn for a millenium and a half by men and women inspired to walk in the footsteps of the patriarch of western monks. The ancients tell us that the habit has a double symbolism, that of humility and that of innocence. Of humility, because it is not attractive in the eyes of the world. It is in fact the public profession of a penitential state, and as such, may draw some condescending looks or provoke the scorn or even the ire of wordly-minded persons. Of innocence, because it is the outward expression of conversion of life. Innocence we may have lost, but one of the purposes of religious life is to conquer it anew, to become the “new man who is created in sanctity and truth”. In our community, the habit reflects another innocence, that of the One who is truly innocent, the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Like St Joseph, the just man who was chosen to be the guardian of Mary, may you ever be enthralled by the attraction of her spotless purity. In an age which seems to pride itself on its worship of vice, this is no small matter. In a world of growing darkness, wearing the white habit of Mary our Mother will make you witnesses to the eternal light which shines bright in the hearts and even on the countenance of the chaste. With Mary Immaculate, there is also the legion of holy virgin saints whose companionship is sweet to the consecrated soul. This evening we honoured the memory of St Cecilia, by chanting an antiphon recalling the angelic presence at her side, protecting her virtue and establishing peace in the midst of bloody persecution. Another great virgin saint we honour as patroness is St Mary of the Cross, who suffered much for Christ in founding a religious order. May she too spur us on amidst the challenges of our own fledgling community. 

Finally at the end of this ceremony, you will receive a new name. Just as when you were born you were given a name by your parents, so at the threshold of monastic life you receive a new name from the father of the community. Not that you will abandon the patron saint of your baptism, on the contrary, that bond is eternal. Rather the new name symbolises a deepening of your commitment to the Lord as well as your intention to pursue greater perfection as you continue to discern your vocation. The new saint who is given to you, along with Our Blessed Mother whose name also you will be privileged to bear, will be an intimate friend to whom you must have recourse often during your religious life. To quote a famous passage of St Augustine: What they have done, why not I?

Yes, why not I? I know only too well that each of you has asked yourself this question often over the past few months: why am I here? You are here because you have heard the call to make this beginning, to set out on a path that is folly in the eyes of the world. But, like a man who sells everything to purchase the field wherein the treasure is hid, you know that this is a sure step, one that faith tells you you will not regret. 

To conclude, may these words of St Bede the Venerable become reality for you; if they do, you will have found beatitude on earth: “I was no longer the centre of my life and therefore I could see God in everything”. 

And so, my dear Sons, “Unfurl the sails, and let God steer us where He will”.

 

 

 

 

 

Of mustard seed and leaven

A mustard seed is very small, and yet, when it grows it turns into a large plant resembling a small tree. The Lord uses this imagery, which would have been very familiar to his listeners, to get across a very important point: God, and all that comes from God in our faith, enters discreetly into our lives; using other people, He sows seeds in our hearts; He waters them through other people still, and He waits patiently for them to grow. In this way, the Kingdom of God spreads, almost without being noticed, throughout the world.

The kingdom is also like the leaven that a woman puts into dough, and which makes it rise. So, the presence of God in the world is often times very discreet and hidden, and yet it is what gives the world to be, even in an age of darkness and violence, a place in which beauty and goodness can be seen. Someone like St Teresa of Calcutta gives us a picturesque example of this. Starting out alone, unknown and weak, she began to visit the poorest of the poor and look after them. Little by little, her influence, like that of yeast in the dough, brought forth an abundant harvest of heroic souls who put themselves at the service of others, being living models of God's love in the world. 

We can all identify moments in our past when we received a seed, or when a bit of yeast was hidden in our heart: it may have been a pious thought, an encouragement, a good example or a lesson  on a fundamental point of our faith. It may have come to us through a parent, a relative, a teacher, a priest, a nun, perhaps even through a total stranger. At the time it may have seemed small, perhaps even insignificant, but it took root in us and grew into a big tree which produces fruit today.

Let us be ever conscious of these very discreet workings of the Holy Spirit in our souls. Let us keep the ears of our heart open to perceive the inspirations we might receive and that the Lord wants us to share with others. And let us take to heart, with humility, the words of others that are destined to help and instruct us. In this way, the kingdom of God will grow in our minds and hearts, and will spread in the souls of good faith who are out there, like fields waiting for the good seed.

Finally, let us give thanks for those who sowed the good seed in our lives. In eternity we shall see how much we owe to them of what we are and were able to accomplish. It's one of the glories of the "communio sanctorum": we are never alone, but must help each other save our souls and give glory to the Triune God for all eternity.

Touching the hem

Today's Gospel presents a moving scene: a woman who had been suffering with an internal hemorrhage for 12 years, makes her way through the crowd, approaches the Lord from behind, and manages somehow, in spite of the crowd pressing in on every side, to touch the hem of His garment. She was thinking: "If I but touch the hem of His garment, I shall be saved". What faith in this woman! The Gospel tells us that as soon as she did touch it, she was healed and she felt in herself that she was made whole again. 

Her faith inspires us deeply, as does the power of the Lord. But what does it mean for us? What is the hem of the Lord's garment that we could touch? To answer that question, we need only reflect upon what clothes are and what they do. Their first function — even before protecting the body from the cold and heat — is to cover the body, hiding it from the eyes of others. The body is there, under the clothing, but it is not seen. What is it today that hides the Body of Jesus from our eyes if not the sacraments? The Lord has put all of His power and His very presence into them, especially the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist in which He is substantially present with His Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity. If we want to touch the hem of His garment today, all we have to do is approach the sacraments which contain Him, all the while hiding Him from our eyes and thus giving merit to our faith.

At the end of the passage, Our Lord says to this brave woman: "Thy faith has saved thee, daughter". So it is that, if we approach the sacraments with faith, certain that Jesus is truly there and that He can heal us, then we will indeed be cured. 

What kind of ailments do we have to be cured of? Each of us must look deep into his own heart. We will find there many things amiss, many hidden corners into which we tend not to look, for we know there is something spiritually diseased, something we can't deal with. No matter, you can't, but Jesus can, give it to Him. Touch His garment, approach the sacraments with faith and contrition for your sins, and you will be healed. Go to confession, acknowledge your sins and there through the absolution of the priest Jesus will touch you and you will be made whole. Then go to Holy Communion, and the life-giving Body of the Saviour will be within you the seed of eternal life.

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The Day of Jesus Christ

Twice in today's epistle mention is made of the "day of Christ Jesus". What is this "day"? In the light of the Church's teaching on the social Kingship of Christ, that is, that He is King of the entire created order and of each person taken individually and of societies as a whole (teaching which, by the way, was reaffirmed by Vatican II), we can say that every day of human history belongs to Jesus as Lord.

And yet, St Paul clearly has in mind here a specific day which still lies in the future. It is what some medieval texts refer to as the Day of Doom or the Day of Wrath (Dies irae), the Day on which He will come to judge the living and the dead. It is the Day on which His sovereign rule over all creation will be solemnly acknowledged by every creature, in Heaven, on earth and even in Hell: All will bend their knee before Him, some in loving adoration, some in hateful spite, but kneel they will, constrained by the reality they cannot avoid.

So the Day will come, and on it we will be judged. How do we go about preparing ourselves for that Day? The Gospel gives us the answer: we must give to God today all that is His. And what is His? Everything. If we must give to Caesar, that is, to the legitimate authority of the state, what is his, that is to say, our cooperation with a just public order of things, it is of much greater importance that we give to God what is His, our body and soul, all that we are and have. 

If we are baptised and confirmed, we have been stamped with the seal of the Holy Trinity in a more indelible fashion than the penny stamped with the image of Caesar. We belong to Jesus Christ, and if we want to have the assurance that the Day of Judgment will find us on the right side, we must, here and now, live out all that this entails.

"We are Thine, and Thine we wish to be", we said last week in the prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart. Let us renew each day of our lives this dedication, and say to Our Blessed Lord frequently that we are His and that we want to be His, and that our joy lies in fulfilling His most holy will in all things. 

Then the "Day of Christ Jesus" will indeed find us rejoicing, for He will have brought to fulfilment what He began in us the day we were baptised. Let's not disappoint the Eternal King, our most sweet Saviour and Lord, Christ Jesus.

Reflections on a pilgrimage

I was blessed to take part last weekend in the Christus Rex pilgrimage for the first time. It was a time of grace, and I am thankful to the organisers. More than once, I found myself thinking of those who began this 27 years ago. It even came to me that perhaps our monastic foundation owes something to the prayers and sacrifices of those who have walked from Ballarat to Bendigo over the past nearly three decades. Indeed, their desire was to make a public statement that Jesus Christ is King, not only in Heaven and not only at the end of time, but here and now, He is King of the world, He is King of Australia, and He is King of each one of our lives.

Is it not that very same truth which our monastic foundation seeks to establish? If we monks leave everything behind, family, friends, career, commodities of all kinds, it is for one reason only: we believe and we want to testify to this truth that God Alone, the Incarnate God Jesus Christ, is Lord of our lives, He has absolute right and dominion over us, and there is no other reason that we would want to live, for in Him alone we found the peace and fulfilment our restless hearts desire. Such a public statement is made by the very existence of a monastery, and it is made visible every time a monk appears in public.

So I would like to say a big thank you to those who are making the pilgrimage happen at this critical point in history. It must continue, it must be part of the Australian landscape, for there is nothing more sorely needed today when we see the decay of civilisation. The words of the great pontiffs of the early part of the 20th century ring more true today than they did then: if society as a whole does not return to Jesus Christ the King — not just to God in general, but to the Incarnate God who is the only God — it is doomed to collapse. The recipes for destruction have multiplied over the past few decades: the profanation of marriage, the slaughter of the innocent unborn, and now the threat of the murder of the elderly and disabled. The horizon is dark indeed. But in the midst of that darkness, Jesus Christ reigns; His victory is already won, and we are only living out the struggle.

May we be found worthy to follow Him and the immense cortege of saints in building up the Kingdom of God by means of our fidelity to prayer, work and sacrifice. Such is the cement which gives solidity to the edifice of a truly Christian society. 

And may there be found many more faithful prepared to give those three days each year to walk the path, banner in hand, God's praises rising from their hearts and tongues, so that the world may know and believe the Truth which alone can set it free.

Redeeming the time

In today's epistle we find this somewhat strange expression from the hand of St Paul: "See how you walk circumspectly, not as unwise, but as wise; redeeming the time, because the days are evil" (Eph 5:15). That the days are evil is no secret; just about every day bad news reaches our ears, even tucked away in a cloister, some of it very bad, much of it of colossal proportions. And I am not talking about sunamis and earthquakes — not to deny the terrible tragedy those are for the people who must live through them —, I refer rather to the spiritual earthquakes, the tremors of which we felt long ago, but the disastrous consequences of which are becoming more and more apparent almost with each passing day. You would think St Paul was writing for us. "Redeem the time, for the days are evil". How do we go about "redeeming the time"? And how is time lost?

Time is lost through sin; it is also lost through idleness. By idleness, I don't just mean sitting around and doing nothing; I also mean spending lots of time doing things which are not God's will for us — the lazy person is not only the one who lies around on a sofa watching TV all day long, but also the person who busies himself with a thousand things that are none of his concern. The psalmist refers to such people as having become useless: "simul inutiles facti sunt" (Ps 13). Time is precious, a gift of God to us, all the more so in that it is in limited quantity: the time of our life on earth is placed within very strict boundaries which will not be moved; each moment of it is give us so that we might use it for the purpose God gave us when He created us: to praise Him, to love Him, to serve Him in all things and to help our brothers and sisters do the same, and thus attain eternal happiness in Heaven. Anything and everything with is not in some way ordered to that end of eternal salvation is idle, it is useless, and it needs to be redeemed. So "redeeming the time" means making up for all the time we have lost in sin or in busying ourselves with futilities that have no relation whatsoever with our eternal salvation. 

Some of the saints had a very acute consciousness of how precious time is in the sight of God, and even went so far as to make a vow to never lose time. A formidable task indeed! For most of us, such a vow would be unwise, but when we come to perceive all things in the light of the eternity in which we shall soon find ourselves and where we will be rewarded or punished for all, absolutely all of our thoughts, words and deeds, then we understand its value.

Th practical ways of redeeming the time are, first of all, stop losing it now! Get oneself organised each day in such a way that all our activities which we have discerned to be in conformity with God's will, have their slot in our daily schedule. Prayer and spiritual reading are obviously the unavoidable tools for redeeming the time, for every minute we spend thinking of God or acting in His Name will be counted as reparation for the time we have lost in the past.

St Paul gives us this recipe for redeeming the time: "Be filled with the Holy spirit, speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual canticles, singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord: giving thanks always for all things, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to God and the Father; being subject one to another in the fear of Christ" (Eph 5). 

Let that be our program, and we shall indeed redeem the time. Don't forget: the days are evil.

 

 

It's all about a Wedding

Why does God like weddings? Why does Holy Scripture begin with the wedding of Adam and Eve? Why does it end with the wedding feast of the Lamb in the Apocalypse? Why does Our Lord's first miracle take place at a wedding feast in Cana of Galilee?

All these questions are relevant if we want to fully understand the implications of today's Gospel reading. "The kingdom of Heaven is like a King who made a wedding feast for His Son." Who this King is and who His Son is should not be too hard to figure out: it is God the Father who made the wedding for His Eternal Son. When? At the precise moment when the latter took flesh in the womb of the Immaculate Virgin, for it is at that moment that God wedded to Himself our human nature. God had been desiring from all eternity to unite humanity with Himself in the Person of the Eternal Word, and He longs today to unite with Himself every human being through the gift of Divine sanctifying grace which reaches us through the Church and the Sacraments. 

This alone allows us to understand the behaviour of the King towards those who refuse to come to the wedding: He sends His troops to destroy them and burn their city. God offers us a share in His eternal life, by sending us His Son and incorporating us into His holy Church through the sacraments which give us, really and truly, the Seed of Immortality, opening up to us the gates of Heaven, which are nothing less than the entrance into an eternal marriage bond with God — God wants us to be one with Him in His eternal life. To refuse such a gift is unforgivable. 

Imagine someone who would despise the invitation of such a magnanimous king, who would prefer his petty self-interests to the proposal of the Eternal King. What could possibly be more insulting for the King, and more contrary to the real interests of the person who rejects it? That is why, for those who are not interested in God and in what He has to offer, there is nothing to hope for but death and destruction. Hell exists, and those who have no time for God go there.

This is confirmed by the rest of the parable. Once the feast had been filled with guests, the King went in to see the guests. And what did He find there? He found a man who had no wedding garment. He had been invited, he had come, but he had not had the courtesy of wearing the proper attire. In other words, he was not fit, through his own fault, to take part in the celebration to which he was invited. If the wedding feast is the union of God with the soul through the sacraments, this lack of a wedding garment can only mean that this fellow had approached the holy place and the holy sacraments without being in God's grace. The punishment is not delayed: cast him out into the exterior darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. God is not mocked, and one does not abuse holy gifts with impunity. Yes, God offers forgiveness, even for such monstrous deeds, but on the condition that one repent. The man in today's Gospel, when asked why he had no wedding garment, was silent: in other words, he refused to acknowledge his sin, he refused confession, he refused conversion, and he was damned.

Many are called, but few are chosen. Those solemn words resound throughout history, and they fly in the face of all the false prophets who, in every age, seek to divert souls from the real necessity of conversion and penance. These divine words tell us, with the greatest clarity possible, that even though many, that is to say all are called, not all are saved. So many are lost because so many refuse to take God up on His offer of being united with Him in the eternal wedding feast of the Lamb. 

Our Lady of Fatima said there were many who are lost in Hell because there is no one to pray and offer penance for them. Let us be generous, and let us also make sure that no one is lost due to our failure to speak the truth, the eternal truth, which alone can save.

May Our Lady of Cana obtain for us the grace of being among those who accept God's plan for us and open up wide our minds, hearts, and wills to the demands of His Holy Covenant!

 

Those who are for us are stronger than those who are against us

This month of October brings back memories of decisive victories of the Christian people over those who would wipe her out from the face of the earth. It also gives us the most powerful weapon we can use, namely, the Holy Rosary of Our Lady. Again and again, Mary has given victory over evil using this potent arm, and in Fatima, 100 years ago, she presented it as being the last hope of humanity. If things are not going well in our world, well, we don't have to go very far to find the reasons: there simply are not enough people praying, and praying the Rosary in particular. So may this month be the opportunity to rediscover in-depth this powerful prayer, which is both vocal and mental, and leads to the very heart of the Gospel.

But this month also brings us the memory of St Michael, and all the other Holy Angels, who battle with us against the forces of evil. From the dawn of creation, when the Enemy seduced our first parents, to now, the angels have been on our side to defeat the devil. Here too, if we do not experience their mighty intercession, it is our fault. So let us supplicate more than ever these sublime creatures of God who prostrate themselves in adoration before the Divinity, offering Him the homage of their being, ever ready to fulfil their mission over us. In the providential designs of God, human actions are what unleash the divine energy: the more we pray to the angels, the more they become involved in our lives.

It is not an accident, I think, that the traditional liturgy has us read, during the month of October, the story of the Maccabees. They too had a fight to wage for the defense of their faith and their country. They too were outnumbered. But they won the victory, for what are numbers when God and His angels are involved?

"How shall we, being few, be able to fight against so great a multitude and so strong, and we are ready to faint with fasting today? And Judas said: It is an easy matter for many to be shut up in the hands of a few: and there is no difference in the sight of the God of heaven to deliver with a great multitude or with a small company. For the success of war is not in the multitude of the army: but strength cometh from heaven. They come against us with an insolent multitude, and with pride, to destroy us and our wives and our children and to take our spoils. But we will fight for our lives and our laws: and the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face. But as for you, fear them not”. (1 Mac 3:17…)

So fear not: take up the Holy Rosary, pray to the Holy Angels: the ones who are with us are more powerful than the ones who are against us!

The forgotten days

This week, the third of September, the traditional Roman calendar has us celebrate what are known as the "Ember Days". These are essentially days of prayer and fasting, recurring four times a year (whence their Latin name of "Quattuor Temporum"), and destined to sanctify the four seasons of the year. These celebrations are among the most ancient and venerable in the liturgical calendar of the Roman church, their institution going back, most probably, beyond the early church and the apostles, to pre-Christian Jewish celebrations. 

Such ancient ceremonies must hold a very deep secret. As usual, we have a privileged way of tapping into that mystery, and that is the sacred texts the Church gives us on these days. If you have an old missal, you might want to open it to roughly the 16th or 17th Sunday after Pentecost. You will find tucked in there Masses for Ember Wednesday, Ember Friday and Ember Saturday. All the Masses are incredibly rich, and contain profound lessons to nourish our prayer, devotion, and acts of penance.

I will reflect only on one point here, namely the marvellous juxtaposition of texts which invite us to bend over in repentant adoration and fasting, and at the same time, almost in the same breath, other texts that invite to rejoice, to celebrate, to feast. What can be the mystery hidden here, if not one of the more profound paradoxes of our Christian faith, namely that we are a people of joyful penance, that is to say, we acknowledge our sinfulness and need for atonement, but at the same time, we know and we have the unfailing conviction that our humble efforts, which impose a bit of self-denial upon us, are pleasing to the Lord and obtain for us renewed graces of friendship with God and brotherhood with those who share our faith. 

Did not Our Lord try to get this across when He said in substance: "When you fast, do not be as the hypocrites who disfigure their faces to show people they are fasting. Rather, wash your face, perfume your head, so that you will appear not to be fasting, but rather feasting". In that way, we can see that fasting is, in a way, feasting. It is when we learn to give up certain satisfactions out of love for God that we find true joy. Then we understand why it is that the Church begins today's Mass with "Let the heart of those rejoice who seek the Lord", and why last Wednesday we were told that the "joy of the Lord is our strength". Then we will also understand why it is a pity that these holy days have been forgotten, and we will make efforts to bring them out of oblivion. They may once again be days of salvation for many.

God is not mocked

If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. 

Living in the Spirit signifies living of the life of grace which Christ Our Lord has merited for us and which we receive through the Church and the Sacraments. Walking in the Spirit signifies living up to and putting into practice the far-reaching demands of that new life. It is a recurring theme in the apostolic letters of all the apostles. They had received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations, to baptise them, and lead them to the newness of life in Christ. But they were very quickly confronted with a sad reality: being baptised, having received the Holy Spirit, does not dispense from the spiritual combat. Rather, it imposes a higher form of life, an existence in which the flesh is restored to its primitive state, in entire submission to the Spirit. If this new life is made possible through grace, it does not dispense from personal effort, and many fall back to their former pagan way of life.

Today’s Gospel on the resurrection of the son of the widow of Naim illustrates symbolically the sad state of a soul, which had been reborn in the Spirit through Baptism, but had fallen back into sin, and was being carried away to eternal death by impetuous passions, while Holy Mother Church stood by and wept, powerless to aid a soul that had insisted upon returning to its vomit, to employ an expression of St Peter. But the Lord Jesus steps in, and restores the life of the Spirit through the sacrament of penance. The dead man rises, the sinner is absolved, he can now go forward in rediscovered newness of life: he has taken advantage of what the Fathers of the Church call the “second plank of salvation”, the sacrament of confession. 

The great lesson for us today, the great mystery which should make us marvel unceasingly, is the condescension of God who comes to lift up the sinner and give him a new chance. But also the great dignity of the faithful soul, graced with the very life of God, the life of the Holy Spirit, which makes us a new creature in Christ, and empowers us to live in a way that stuns the world. 

At the end of today’s epistle, St Paul adds: “in doing good, let us not fail; for in due time we shall reap, not failing. Therefore, whilst we have time, let us work good to all men”. Whilst we have the time. Today we have the time, God has given us another day to do good, to live up to the demands of our holy baptism, and live our faith in a pagan world in need of conversion. Let us not miss this opportunity, perhaps our last, for we do not know if we will have a tomorrow. God is not mocked. Let us be instruments in the hands of the Spirit, who gives us a share in the Divine Life, and through us, wishes to raise other souls from the dead. Through us, he wishes to bring to the ears of many those inspired words: Awake, thou that sleepest (in sin), and arise from the dead, and Christ will give thee light.

The joy of suffering

It's a paradox, one that has to be experienced to understand: suffering leads to joy. Our Lord Himself gives us the example in embracing His passion and death. It all started in the Garden of Eden when our first parents sinned. They chose to be fooled by the Enemy into putting themselves before God, lifting themselves up in pride to refuse God's commandment and do as they pleased. The tragic result was original sin and its consequences: the flesh revolts against the spirit, and must therefore be kept in check with penance and suffering. St Paul will later speak of the "superbia carnis", the pride of the flesh erecting itself against God, thinking to find satisfaction in giving in to its impulses, but at the same time experiencing its weakness. How often have you not met people who say they are free to do what they want, but prove by their actions that they are enslaved to their passions? We read about them everyday....

That is why the Word Incarnate, our sweet Saviour Jesus Christ, chose the path of suffering. Suffering serves the purpose of curbing our lust for power and pleasure; it brings us down to the dust, which is where we should be, because that's what we are made of. Only humility saves, and suffering is a privileged path to humility.

This goes for physical suffering, but it also goes for emotional or psychological suffering. The greatest evil that can befall a human being is to have a too lofty opinion of themselves, for that is the sin of Satan, and it leads to revolt against the Creator, against the order of things which are as they are and must be accepted as such. We are in a universe we did not create, and our true grandeur lies in acknowledging that, in humbling ourselves enough to play our role in that whole, without usurping the rights of God, the greatest evil, one which our present-day world excels in. 

That is why the cross is so important, why the Church celebrates this day with joy, for She knows that in spite of the difficulty we all experience in dealing with it, suffering is the divinely appointed way to being happy, in a very mysterious way, even in this life, provided we unite our sufferings with those of the God-Man and revolt not against Him. The Cross leads to Light, it leads to Glory. Let us beg for the grace to understand and embrace this all-important truth which moulds valiant souls, such that are pleasing to God and to men.

One day better than a thousand

One day in Thy vestibules is better than a thousand elsewhere. (Ps 83)

Such are the words Holy Mother Church puts on our lips at the beginning of today’s Mass. Better one single day in the Lord’s house, even at its threshold, than a thousand in the tents of the worldly rich. A gaze of faith is here required, for living in the house of the Lord can sometimes mean not having all the comfort one could obtain in many other places. It takes faith, but it takes also a bit of courage, and even more, lots of love. Is it not love that was our prod when we left behind family and friends, the perspective of a career and perhaps a fulfilling marriage and family? 

Those acts of faith and love are not forgotten. In today’s Gospel, the Lord Himself, in what might be considered the climax of the Sermon on the Mount, tells us that the soul which gives itself to God need not concern itself with anything, not even the most basic fundamental needs of a human being, such as food, drink and clothing. For the soul who truly seeks only the Kingdom of God, all these things, of which Our Father knows we have need, will be given even without our being concerned with them. The Kingdom of God and His justice: that kingdom which the preface of Christ the King will tell us is a kingdom of truth and life, a kingdom of holiness and grace, a kingdom of justice, love and peace.

It is the kingdom of which St Paul speaks in today’s epistle. Therein he paints two portraits, one tragically disheartening, the other magnificently encouraging. The first is that of those who walk according to the flesh, seeking the things of this world. Their works, which soil the mind and the body, cause them to abandon themselves to lustful desires, and it all ends up in idol worship and bloodshed. Indeed, the goods of this world being limited, not everyone can have them. So if the race is open to whomever can get there first, there will of necessity be conflicts, fights, and murder. In the second portrait, St Paul tells us of the fruit produced by those who live according to the Spirit, that is, who let themselves be guided by the Holy Spirit, and who seek the eternal good of their own spirit, their soul. The fruit they produce is sovereignly desirable:  charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, long-suffering endurance, meekness, mutual trust, modesty, continence, chastity. 

In this way, the great apostle was painting a picture of what every Christian community should be. If the realisation of such a program is not limited to monasteries, it is certain that monasteries should be model exemplars of it. If each of the monks strives to allow himself to be governed by the Spirit of God, if he pursues at all times the goods of fraternal communion, he will come to “taste and see how good the Lord is”, as we sing in the offertory verse from psalm 33. And we will discover the bliss of living to perfection those words of Our Blessed Saviour: “Seek first the Kingdom of God and His justice, and all these things shall be added”.

Saint Regina, a virgin conquers Caesar...

Today, 7 September, is the feast of St Regina, a young virgin martyr from Alise-Sainte Reine, France, just a few miles from Flavigny-sur-Ozerain where I spent 32 years of my life. St Regina is dearly loved by the monks of Flavigny, the main reason being that her relics were kept and guarded by the monks for over a thousand years in the ancient abbey of Flavigny. Her relics, saved at the time of the revolution thanks to some God-fearing faithful, are now in the village church of Flavigny, but the monks of Abbaye Saint Joseph have a significant relic in their possession. And there is also a first class relic of St Regina at Notre Dame Priory in Tasmania, a well guarded and venerated treasure...

According to tradition, Regina, having embraced the faith, consecrated her virginity to Christ. It so happened that a local lord fell in love with her and wanted to marry her. But this was impossible, for Regina had already given her heart to the King of Kings. Her refusal would cost her her freedom and finally her life: after being imprisoned, she was tortured and martyred. For centuries, she watched over the monks of Flavigny, and now we ask her to watch over and bless too our fledgling community in Tasmania.

The place of her martyrdom also happens to be the very same place where Julius Caesar obtained his definitive victory over the Gauls in the century before Christ. Tradition tells us that there was once a stone inscription at the place of her martyrdom which read: "Here Caesar conquered Gaul; here a Christian virgin conquered Caesar."

There is much more to this epitaph than poetical expression: there is a very profound lesson and deep theology. Caesar conquered Gaul by strategy and the force of arms. It was an astounding feat, one that would have long-lasting consequences — very good ones actually —for Gaul, for the Roman domination is what would allow the Gospel to reach what would later be known as France within the first generation of Christians. But Regina conquered Caesar — here of course, Caesar refers symbolically to the Roman authority at the time — with other weapons, the weapons of her faith and her virtue. She conquered as all martyrs conquer: by allowing her body to be put to death so that her soul might live forever with Christ.

Does this not contain a very profound lesson for us today, tossed around as we are with novel ideas and practices which seek to take our soul from us? All the grave moral issues which rock the Church and the world today (abortion, adultery, same-sex "marriage", gender ideology, child abuse, etc.) all have the same root problem and the same root remedy. The problem is impurity, and the answer is chastity.

Saints like Regina are there to remind us that there are no situations which are outside of God's providence. There are no situations in which we have to sin or are allowed to sin. Faith and chastity are always and everywhere possible. But they demand both humble prayer and courage.

Those who know how to practice them are victorious, even over the modern Caesars. Those who give in become prey to the whirlwind of passing ideology, and lose their soul on the altar of impurity. The battlefield is the heart of every human being. Whose side shall we be on? I choose Regina.

Saint Regina, Pray for Us!

The Good Samaritan and the longing for eternal life

Today the traditional Roman liturgy has us read the well-known parable of the Good Samaritan. It also happens to be the Sunday on which, here in Tasmania, our Archbishop has asked his priests to preach on the Catholic doctrine of marriage, in view of the upcoming plebiscite vote on what is wrongly called "same-sex marriage".

One cannot help but see in the poor man who has been beaten up, robbed, and left half-dead, the image of our world, so broken, so out of its senses, that it no longer sees the obvious. There is little profit in repeating here the tragic reality which is known to all, but it would perhaps be useful to say quite simply that our attitude to whomever does not see the obvious should be that of the Good Samaritan. No one should ever be abandoned as hopeless in this life, and sometimes we are called to extend a helping hand or a helping word to someone in doubt, or someone who is not in doubt, but who needs to be told the saving truth, evening if this truth is disturbing.

That truth is first and foremost the truth of why we are in this world. My personal reflexions over the years have led me to the strong conviction that almost all the woes of our society flow directly from the ignorance of eternal realities. If there is no afterlife, or if heaven is the final destination of all, regardless of how they lived, then life in this world, of necessity, reduces itself to finding ways of getting along with each other. And that of course is the open door to the widespread apostasy of our day, which has not spared the Catholic Church.

I cannot possibly express it any better than did St Gregory the Great in his book of morals on Job, a magnificent text we read this morning at Matins:

"There are some that take no heed to their life, and whilst they are seeking transitory objects, and either do not understand those that are eternal, or understanding, despise them, they neither feel grief nor know how to take counsel, and when they are taking no account of the things above which they have lost, they think, unhappy wretches, that they are in the midst of good things. For these never raise the eyes of their mind to the light of truth which they were created for, they never bend the keenness of desire to the contemplation of their eternal country, but, forsaking themselves amidst those things in which they are cast away, instead of their country they love the exile which is their lot, and rejoice in the darkness which they undergo as though in the brightness of the light.

"But, on the contrary, when the minds of the elect perceive that all things transitory are nought, they seek out which be the things for which they were created, and whereas nothing suffices to satisfy them out of God, thought itself, being wearied in them by the efforts of the search, finds rest in the hope and contemplation of its Creator, longs to have a place among the citizens above; and each one of them, while yet in the body an inhabitant of the world, in mind already soars beyond the world, bewails the weariness of exile which he endures, and with the ceaseless incitements of love urges himself on to the country on high".

In other words, being the Good Samaritan means reminding people that this life is short, that it will end soon, and that if we want to take part in eternal life, we must live in accordance with God's commandments. There is no other way to true happiness, in this life and in the next.